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What is Dementia ?

Dementia is an illness characterised by a gradual decline in intellect without any evidence of other underling cause. The usual domains of the intellect that gets affected include memory loss, thinking speed, mental agility, language, understanding and judgement.

What are the symptoms of dementia?

Dementia is not a disease but a collection of symptoms that result from damage to the brain. These symptoms can be caused by a number of conditions. The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer's disease.
    memory loss, especially problems with memory for recent events, such as
  • forgetting messages, remembering routes or names, and asking questions repetitively
  • increasing difficulties with tasks and activities that require organisation and planning
  • becoming confused in unfamiliar environments
  • difficulty finding the right words
  • difficulty with numbers and/or handling money in shops
  • changes in personality and mood
  • depression


What are the types of Dementia?

Alzhiemers Dementia, Vascular dementia, Frontotemporal dementia are some of the commonest types of dementia. It is very important to carefully exclude conditions that could cause memory decline like hypothyroidism, structural brain abnormalities and depression and rarely some metabolic, infective, vasculitic conditions before a diagnosis of dementia is made.


Can dementia be cured?

As such, there is no cure for dementia but supportive therapy includes cognitive therapy, memory validation therapies are helpful. Research is on to fine gene based therapies and stem cell therapy for dementia. Medications are used to slow down the progression of certain types of dementia.


How is dementia diagnosed?

Usually Dementia is diagnosed after complex neuropsychological evaluation combined with excluding other illnesses that can cause memory loss by brain scans and blood tests.


What is the treatment for dementia?

Treatment for dementia is currently supportive and symptomatic. You should consult a Neurologist for a formal diagnosis and supportive arrangements available locally.